The Barrow County Water Department's water source is the 505-acre Bear Creek reservoir located in Jackson County and treated by the Upper Oconee Water Basin Authority, of which the county is a member. The Water Department - Retail provides clean drinking water and fire protection to over 5,800 retail customers in three distinct, unincorporated areas of the county. The Water Department - Wholesale sells treated water to other jurisdictions on a wholesale basis including Auburn, Braselton, Statham, Winder, and Oconee County. This department maintains over 300 miles of water lines, three pump stations, two 300,000-gallon elevated storage tanks, and a five-million-gallon ground storage tank. This department also repairs leaks, installs water meters and fire hydrants, tests water for EPD compliance, conducts a flushing program to maintain water quality, and bills customers monthly for their water and wastewater use.